Click on the triangle to hear the Sousa Band playing “The Stars and Stripes Forever” in 1913. Edison Cylinder recording.

Here’s the piccolo part from the original publication of “Stars and Stripes” in 1897. (Click on to view larger.) Notice the famous solo is marked fortissimo and “Grandioso.”

photo (top): Victor Herbert, Irving Berlin and John Philip Sousa in 1924. Library of Congress.